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Drug Ther Bull. 2012 Jun;50(6):66-8. doi: 10.1136/dtb.2012.06.0111.

Ketogenic diets in the treatment of epilepsy.

[No authors listed]

Abstract

Epilepsy (a proneness to recurrent seizures) is the most common serious neurological disorder, with an incidence of around 40-70 cases per 100,000 population in developed countries, and a lifetime risk of 1-3%.(1-3) Seizures have been reported to cease on absolute fasting, and early studies suggested that a diet high in fat and low in carbohydrate would produce similar conditions to fasting; the anticonvulsant effect was attributed to the production of ketones.(2) The ketogenic diet was introduced as a treatment for epilepsy in the 1920s, but its use waned with the introduction of phenytoin and other antiepileptic drugs.(2-4) However, around 30% of patients continue to have seizures while taking one or more antiepileptic drugs, and some patients have significant unwanted effects with such medication.(1,2) During the past two decades, there has been a renaissance of interest in dietary therapy.(2) Here, we focus on the use of ketogenic diets in the treatment of epilepsy.

PMID:
22700205
DOI:
10.1136/dtb.2012.06.0111
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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