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Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2012 Aug;70(2):239-50. doi: 10.1007/s00280-012-1906-y. Epub 2012 Jun 15.

Population pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic modeling of drug-induced adverse effects of a novel homocamptothecin analog, elomotecan (BN80927), in a Phase I dose finding study in patients with advanced solid tumors.

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Department of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Technology, School of Pharmacy, University of Navarra, 31080 Pamplona, Spain.



To characterize the pharmacokinetic profile of elomotecan, a novel homocamptothecin analog, evaluate the dose-limiting toxicities, and establish the relationship between exposure and toxicity in the first Phase I study in patients with advanced malignant solid tumors. Preliminary antitumor efficacy results are also provided.


Elomotecan was administered as a 30-min intravenous infusion at doses ranging from 1.5 to 75 mg once every 3 weeks to 56 patients with advanced solid tumors. Plasma concentration data and adverse effects were modeled using the population approach.


Elomotecan showed linear pharmacokinetics, and clearance was decreased with age. The model predicts a 47 and 61 % reduction in CL for patients aged 60 and 80 years, respectively, when compared with younger patients (30 years). Neutropenia represented the dose-limiting toxicity. The maximum tolerated dose and the recommended dose (RD) were 75 and 60 mg, respectively. Elomotecan elicited a 20, 5, 2, and 2 % severe (grade 4) neutropenia, asthenia, nausea, and vomiting at the RD, respectively. Of the subjects in the RD cohort, 41.7 % had a stable disease mean duration of 123.6 ± 43.4 days.


The pharmacokinetic parameters and the toxicity pattern of elomotecan suggest that this novel homocamptothecin analog should be further explored in the clinical setting using a dose of 60 mg administered as a 30-min intravenous infusion, once every 3 weeks.

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