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Eur J Cancer. 2012 Oct;48(15):2347-52. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2012.05.002. Epub 2012 Jun 13.

Incidence and long-term prognosis of papillary compared to clear cell renal cell carcinoma--a multicentre study.

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1
Department of Urology and Urological Oncology, Hannover University Medical School, Hannover, Germany.

Abstract

AIM OF THE STUDY:

Papillary renal cell carcinoma (pRCC) is the second most common subtype of RCC after the conventional clear cell type (cRCC). However, its characteristics and prognosis have been less intensively investigated. The aim of our study was to examine the tumour characteristics and long-term prognosis of pRCC compared to clear cell RCC (cRCC).

METHODS:

In total, 4941 evaluable patients were subjected to either radical nephrectomy or nephron-sparing surgery for pRCC or cRCC at five centres in Germany (University Hospitals of Hannover, Homburg/Saar, Mainz, Ulm and Marburg) between 1990 and 2010.

RESULTS:

pRCC (n=565) and cRCC (n=4376) patients were comparable with regard to mean age, clinical symptoms, tumour differentiation and regional lymph node metastases. Patients with pRCC had a significantly higher rate of organ confined tumours (pT1-2, N/M0; 74.9% versus 62.9%), less synchronic visceral metastases (9.6% versus 15.2%), and a higher 5-year CSS rate than those with cRCC (85.1% versus 76.9%). Multivariate analysis identified the papillary subtype as a significant positive prognostic factor in localised (HR, 0.45) but as a negative prognostic factor in metastatic tumour stages (HR, 1.37).

CONCLUSION:

pRCC can apparently be differentiated into two subgroups: an organ-confined/localised subgroup with a significantly better prognosis and an advanced/metastatic subgroup with a worse prognosis compared to cRCC.

PMID:
22698386
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejca.2012.05.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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