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J Drug Target. 2012 Aug;20(7):582-92. doi: 10.3109/1061186X.2012.697167. Epub 2012 Jun 14.

Enhanced MHC class I and costimulatory molecules on B16F10 cells by Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides.

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Department of Pharmacology, Peking University Health Science Center, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.



It is obvious that malignant cells evade from immune system in patients with manifest malignancy. Deficient major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I and costimulatory molecules on malignant cells partially consist of evasion strategy since antigen bond MHC and costimulatory molecules provide two signals necessary for T cell activation. Therefore, enhancement of MHC-I and costimulatory molecules may favor restraint of the evasion. For this purpose, Ganoderma lucidum Polysaccharides (Gl-PS) was used on B16F10 melanoma cells in this study.


Immunocytochemistry and flowcytometry were used to determine the H-2K(b) and H-2D(b) (two prominent MHC class I molecules in C57BL mouse) as well as B7-1 and B7-2 (two prominent costimulatory molecules) expression on B16F10 cells after incubation with Gl-PS, while messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) of these molecules was detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).


The H-2K(b) and H-2D(b), and B7-1 and B7-2 on B16F10 cells and mRNAs of these molecules were enhanced by Gl-PS, and more efficient antitumor cytotoxicity was induced by the Gl-PS treated cells.


The MHC class I molecules and costimulatory molecules may be enhanced by Gl-PS, and more efficient immune cell mediated cytotoxicity against these B16F10 cells may be induced, which may favor cancer therapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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