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Appl Ergon. 2013 Jan;44(1):101-8. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2012.05.004. Epub 2012 Jun 12.

Classroom furniture and anthropometric characteristics of Iranian high school students: proposed dimensions based on anthropometric data.

Author information

1
Department of Occupational Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. im_dianat@yahoo.com

Abstract

The study evaluated the potential mismatch between classroom furniture dimensions and anthropometric characteristics of 978 Iranian high school students (498 girls, 480 boys), aged 15-18 years. Nine anthropometric measurements (stature, sitting height, sitting shoulder height, popliteal height, hip breadth, elbow-seat height, buttock-popliteal length, buttock-knee length and thigh clearance) and five dimensions from the existing classroom furniture were measured and then compared together (using match criterion equations) to identify any potential mismatch between them. The results indicated a considerable mismatch between body dimensions of the students and the existing classroom furniture, with seat height (60.9%), seat width (54.7%) and desktop height (51.7%) being the furniture dimensions with a higher level of mismatch. The levels of mismatch varied between the high-school grade levels and between genders, indicating their special requirements and possible problems. The proposed dimensions of the classroom furniture more appropriate for the students were given. This additional information on students' anthropometry can be used by local furniture industries as a starting point for designing more appropriate furniture for school children, or used by schools to aid in furniture selection.

PMID:
22695080
DOI:
10.1016/j.apergo.2012.05.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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