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J Chiropr Humanit. 2010 Dec;17(1):6-21. doi: 10.1016/j.echu.2010.10.002. Epub 2010 Dec 10.

Constructing a philosophy of chiropractic I: an Integral map of the territory.

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Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Integral Theory, John F. Kennedy University, Pleasant Hill, CA 94523.



The purpose of this article is to establish a metatheoretical framework for constructing a philosophy of chiropractic by using Integral Theory and Integral Methodological Pluralism. This is the first in a series of 3 articles.


The philosophy of chiropractic has not thrived as a philosophic discipline for multiple reasons. Most notably, these include disparate personal and cultural worldviews within the profession, a historical approach to chiropractic's roots, and an undeveloped framework for exploring philosophy from multiple perspectives. A framework is suggested to bridge divides and create a groundwork for a philosophical discipline using Integral Methodological Pluralism developed from Integral Theory. A review of the literature on the philosophy of chiropractic is mapped according to the 8 primordial perspectives of Integral Methodological Pluralism. It is argued that this approach to constructing a philosophy of chiropractic will bridge the historical divides and ensure a deep holism by pluralistically including every known approach to knowledge acquisition.


Integral Methodological Pluralism is a viable way to begin constructing a philosophy of chiropractic for the 21st century.


Chiropractic; Methods; Model, Theoretical; Philosophy

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