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Eur J Biochem. 1990 Dec 27;194(3):747-53.

Immunological characterization of rapeseed myrosinase.

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1
Department of Cell Research, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.

Abstract

A purified 75-kDa myrosinase and a crude rapeseed myrosinase fraction were used as antigens to produce mouse anti-myrosinase monoclonal antibodies. The 75-kDa myrosinase was also used to produce a polyclonal rabbit antiserum. The antiserum and one monoclonal antibody reacted with three distinct rapeseed polypeptides of 75, 70 and 65 kDa (M75, M70 and M65, respectively). A second set of monoclonal antibodies reacted exclusively with the 75-kDa form of myrosinase, and a third set showed specificity towards two components of 52 and 50 kDa (myrosinase-binding proteins, MBP52 and MBP50, respectively). MBP52 and MBP50 lack inherent myrosinase activity, but are nevertheless capable of mediating immunoprecipitation of myrosinase due to their interaction with myrosinase. Gel chromatography and glycerol gradient centrifugation experiments resolved two myrosinase-containing fractions. One of these had an approximate molecular mass of 140 kDa and consisted of disulfide-linked dimers of the 75-kDa myrosinase. The other fraction was heterogeneous in size with molecular masses ranging from 250 kDa to approximately 1 MDa. The high-molecular-mass fractions contained complexes consisting of disulfide-linked 70-kDa and 65-kDa myrosinases and non-covalently bound 52-kDa and 50-kDa myrosinase-binding proteins.

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