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J Biol Regul Homeost Agents. 2012 Jan-Mar;26(1 Suppl):S27-33.

Impaired FEF25-75 may predict high exhaled nitric oxide values in children with allergic rhinitis and/or asthma.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria San Martino, Genoa, Italy.


Allergic rhinitis and asthma are closely associated. Inflammation is a common pathological characteristic shared by both disorders. The measure of the fractional concentration of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) may be considered a surrogate marker for airway inflammation. Forced expiratory flow between 25 and 75 percent of vital capacity (FEF25-75) has been previously demonstrated to be able to predict BHR and bronchial reversibility. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether impaired FEF25-75 values may be related to FeNO values in a pediatric cohort of allergic subjects. 850 children with allergic rhinitis, allergic asthma, or both, were evaluated. Bronchial function (FEV1, FVC, and FEF25-75), FeNO, and sensitizations were assessed. Bronchial function and FeNO were significantly different in the 3 groups (p less than 0.001). A strong inverse correlation between FeNO and FEV1was found in patients with rhinitis, asthma and asthma with rhinitis (r= -0.72, r=-0.70 and r= -0.70, respectively). Impaired FEF25-75 values (such as less than 65 percent of predicted) were significantly associated with high FeNO levels (such as =34 ppb). In conclusion, this study provided evidence that FEF25-75 is strongly and inversely related with FeNO and FEF25-75 may predict high FeNO levels in children with allergic rhinitis, asthma or both.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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