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Natl Health Stat Report. 2012 Mar 1;(47):1-21.

Availability of pediatric services and equipment in emergency departments: United States, 2006.

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Center for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA.



This report presents data on the availability of pediatric services, expertise, and supplies for treating pediatric emergencies in U.S. hospitals.


Data in this report are from the Emergency Pediatric Services and Equipment Supplement (EPSES), a self-administered questionnaire added to the 2006 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS). NHAMCS samples nonfederal short-stay and general hospitals in the United States. Sample data were weighted to produce annual estimates of pediatric services, expertise, and equipment availability in hospital emergency departments (EDs).


In 2006, only 7.2 percent of hospital EDs had all recommended pediatric emergency supplies, and 45.6 percent had at least 85.0 percent of recommended supplies. EDs in children's hospitals and hospitals with pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) were more likely to meet guidelines for pediatric emergency department services, expertise, and supplies. About 74.0 percent of these facilities had at least 85.0 percent of recommended supplies, compared with 42.4 percent of other facilities. Among children's hospitals and hospitals with PICUs, 66.0 percent had 24 hours a day, 7 days a week access to a board-certified pediatric emergency medicine attending physician; such access was uncommon in other types of hospitals. In general, little change was noted in the availability of emergency pediatric supplies between 2002-2003, when the initial EPSES was conducted, and 2006.

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