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Bioinformatics. 2012 Jun 15;28(12):i90-6. doi: 10.1093/bioinformatics/bts233.

Ranking models of transmembrane β-barrel proteins using Z-coordinate predictions.

Author information

1
Center for Biomembrane Research, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm Bioinformatics Center, Science for Life Laboratory, Swedish E-science Research Center, Stockholm University, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

MOTIVATION:

Transmembrane β-barrels exist in the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria as well as in chloroplast and mitochondria. They are often involved in transport processes and are promising antimicrobial drug targets. Structures of only a few β-barrel protein families are known. Therefore, a method that could automatically generate such models would be valuable. The symmetrical arrangement of the barrels suggests that an approach based on idealized geometries may be successful.

RESULTS:

Here, we present tobmodel; a method for generating 3D models of β-barrel transmembrane proteins. First, alternative topologies are obtained from the BOCTOPUS topology predictor. Thereafter, several 3D models are constructed by using different angles of the β-sheets. Finally, the best model is selected based on agreement with a novel predictor, ZPRED3, which predicts the distance from the center of the membrane for each residue, i.e. the Z-coordinate. The Z-coordinate prediction has an average error of 1.61 Å. Tobmodel predicts the correct topology for 75% of the proteins in the dataset which is a slight improvement over BOCTOPUS alone. More importantly, however, tobmodel provides a Cα template with an average RMSD of 7.24 Å from the native structure.

AVAILABILITY:

Tobmodel is freely available as a web server at: http://tobmodel.cbr.su.se/. The datasets used for training and evaluations are also available from this site.

PMID:
22689784
PMCID:
PMC3371865
DOI:
10.1093/bioinformatics/bts233
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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