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Clin Chim Acta. 2012 Dec 24;414:1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.cca.2012.06.003. Epub 2012 Jun 8.

Determination of ebselen-sensitive reactive oxygen metabolites (ebROM) in human serum based upon N,N'-diethyl-1,4-phenylenediamine oxidation.

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1
Clinical Biomarkers Laboratory, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, United States.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Oxidative stress occurs through free radical- and non-radical-mediated oxidative mechanisms, but these are poorly discriminated by most assays. A convenient assay for oxidants in human serum is based upon the Fe(2+)-dependent decomposition of peroxides to oxidize N,N'-diethyl-1,4-phenylenediamine (DEPPD) to a stable radical cation which can be measured spectrophotometrically.

METHODS:

We investigated modification of the DEPPD oxidation assay to discriminate color formation due to non-radical oxidants, including hydroperoxides and endoperoxides, which are sensitive to ebselen.

RESULTS:

Use of serum, which has been pretreated with ebselen as a reference, provides a quantitative assay for non-radical, reactive oxidant species in serum, including hydroperoxides, endoperoxides and epoxides. In a set of 35 human serum samples, non-radical oxidants largely accounted for DEPPD oxidation in 86% of the samples while the remaining 14% had considerable contribution from other redox-active chemicals.

CONCLUSIONS:

The simple modification in which ebselen-pretreated sample is used as a reference provides means to quantify non-radical oxidants in human serum. Application of this approach could enhance understanding of the contribution of different types of oxidative stress to disease.

PMID:
22687643
PMCID:
PMC3662006
DOI:
10.1016/j.cca.2012.06.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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