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Br J Gen Pract. 2012 Jun;62(599):e415-21. doi: 10.3399/bjgp12X649106.

Ruling out coronary heart disease in primary care: external validation of a clinical prediction rule.

Author information

1
Department of General Practice/Family Medicine, Phillips University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany. haasenri@staff.uni-marburg.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The Marburg Heart Score (MHS) aims to assist GPs in safely ruling out coronary heart disease (CHD) in patients presenting with chest pain, and to guide management decisions.

AIM:

To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of the MHS in an independent sample and to evaluate the generalisability to new patients.

DESIGN AND SETTING:

Cross-sectional diagnostic study with delayed-type reference standard in general practice in Hesse, Germany.

METHOD:

Fifty-six German GPs recruited 844 males and females aged ≥ 35 years, presenting between July 2009 and February 2010 with chest pain. Baseline data included the items of the MHS. Data on the subsequent course of chest pain, investigations, hospitalisations, and medication were collected over 6 months and were reviewed by an independent expert panel. CHD was the reference condition. Measures of diagnostic accuracy included the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, likelihood ratios, and predictive values.

RESULTS:

The AUC was 0.84 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.80 to 0.88). For a cut-off value of 3, the MHS showed a sensitivity of 89.1% (95% CI = 81.1% to 94.0%), a specificity of 63.5% (95% CI = 60.0% to 66.9%), a positive predictive value of 23.3% (95% CI = 19.2% to 28.0%), and a negative predictive value of 97.9% (95% CI = 96.2% to 98.9%).

CONCLUSION:

Considering the diagnostic accuracy of the MHS, its generalisability, and ease of application, its use in clinical practice is recommended.

PMID:
22687234
PMCID:
PMC3361121
DOI:
10.3399/bjgp12X649106
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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