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Neuron. 1990 Dec;5(6):881-8.

Specificity of expression of the muscle and brain dystrophin gene promoters in muscle and brain cells.

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Department of Cell Biology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel.


The gene that is defective in Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies is expressed in the muscle and brain. However, the 5' ends of the 14 kb mRNA in these tissues are derived from two different exons, indicating the involvement of at least two promoters in the regulation of the cell-type and developmental specificities of expression of this gene. In the study presented here, we used the polymerase chain reaction and RNAase protection methods and various cell cultures to investigate the specificities of expression of these promoters. The results indicate a very stringent control of expression of the two promoters. In cloned rat myogenic cells, only the muscle-type dystrophin transcript was detected, and its presence was correlated with the formation of multinucleated fibers. In neuronal cell cultures, the brain-type transcript was detected. However, glial cell cultures expressed the muscle transcript only. Some cell lines derived from brain cells expressed both isoforms.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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