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Pediatr Cardiol. 2013 Jan;34(1):149-54. doi: 10.1007/s00246-012-0404-7. Epub 2012 Jun 10.

Association between blood spot transforming growth factor-β and patent ductus arteriosus in extremely low-birth weight infants.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201, USA. gnatara@med.wayne.edu

Abstract

Permanent ductal closure involves anatomic remodeling, in which transforming growth factor (TGF)-β appears to play a role. Our objective was to evaluate the relationship, if any, between blood spot TGF-β on day 3 and day 7 of life and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Prospective observational study involving ELBW infants (n = 968) in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network who had TGF-β measured on filter paper spot blood samples using a Luminex assay. Infants with a PDA (n = 493) were significantly more immature, had lower birth weights, and had higher rates of respiratory distress syndrome than those without PDA (n = 475). TGF-β on days 3 and 7 of life, respectively, were significantly lower among neonates with PDA (median 1,177 pg/ml [range 642-1,896]; median 1,386 pg/ml [range 868-1,913]) compared with others without PDA (median 1,334 pg/ml [range 760-2,064]; median 1,712 pg/ml [range 1,014-2,518 pg/ml]). The significant difference persisted when death or PDA was considered a composite outcome. TGF-β levels were not significantly different among subgroups of infants with PDA who were not treated (n = 51) versus those who were treated medically (n = 283) or by surgical ligation (n = 159). TGF-β was not a significant predictor of death or PDA (day 3 odds ratio [OR] 0.99, 95 % confidence interval [CI] 0.83-1.17; day 7 OR 0.88, 95 % CI 0.74-1.04) on adjusted analyses. Our results suggest that blood spot TGF-β alone is unlikely to be a reliable biomarker of a clinically significant PDA or its responsiveness to treatment.

PMID:
22684193
PMCID:
PMC3704212
DOI:
10.1007/s00246-012-0404-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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