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Bioelectromagnetics. 1990;11(3):207-12.

Effect of negative air ions on morphine-induced changes in the latency of the tail-flick reflex.

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Department of Physiology, University of Cape Town Medical School, Observatory, South Africa.


Adult male Long-Evans rats were exposed to negatively charged air ions at high concentrations (7 x 10(5)/cm3) for six days. Sham-exposed rats were treated identically except that the source of ions was not activated. At the end of the exposure, the latency of the tail-flick reflex was measured in each rat before and 30 and 60 min after an injection of morphine sulphate. The tail-flick reflex was initiated by thermal stimulation. Two heat settings were employed, the lower considered to impart a submaximal and the higher a maximal thermal stimulus. Three morphine doses were tested: 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 mg/kg. Statistically significant differences between ion-exposed and sham-exposed rats were observed in tail-flick latencies 30 min after the administration of the two lower doses, but not after the highest dose of morphine sulphate. These differences were found at both intensities of thermal stimulation. Tail-flick latencies measured in each group prior to morphine injection were not affected by negative-ion exposure. The data indicate that exposure of rats to negative air ions tends to inhibit the action of morphine on the latency of the tail-flick reflex at morphine doses below 1.0 mg/kg.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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