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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1990 Dec 31;173(3):1157-60.

Pancreastatin: characterization of biological activity.

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Department of Surgery, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston 77550.


Pancreastatin (PST) (1-49) was first isolated from the porcine pancreas and can inhibit glucose-induced insulin release. PST (33-49), a PST C-terminal fragment, can also inhibit insulin release. The purpose of this study was to determine the shortest C-terminal biologically active fragment of PST, in terms of inhibition of insulin release from the isolated perfused rat pancreas. Porcine PST (1-49) and C-terminal fragments, PST (33-49), PST (35-49), PST (37-49) and PST (39-49) were synthesized by solid-phase methodology. PST (1-49), PST (33-49) and PST (35-49), at 10 nM, significantly (p less than 0.05) inhibited insulin release from isolated perfused rat pancreas: the first phase was inhibited by 15.6 +/- 2.4, 24.4 +/- 6.5 and 12.5 +/- 1.9% and the second phase, 18.9 +/- 2.7, 25.7 +/- 4.8 and 20.1 +/- 1.9% by PST (1-49), PST (33-49) and PST (35-49), respectively. PST (35-49) shows a dose-dependent inhibition of insulin release. PST (37-49) and PST (39-49) were, however, inactive. Our results indicate that the shortest C-terminal biologically active fragment is PST (35-49). These data further indicate that the C-terminal portion of PST is primarily responsible for the biological activity of PST.

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