Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Cancer. 2012 Nov;48(16):3001-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2012.05.004. Epub 2012 Jun 7.

What do British women know about cervical cancer symptoms and risk factors?

Author information

1
Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1-19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK. e.low@ucl.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify levels of cervical cancer risk factor and symptom awareness, as well as predictors of higher awareness in a United Kingdom (UK) female population.

DESIGN:

Population based survey.

SETTING:

Participants' homes in the UK.

SAMPLE:

UK representative sample of females aged 16 years and over (n=1392).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Respondents completed the Cervical Cancer Awareness Measure which included questions on awareness of cervical cancer symptoms and risk factors (both recalled and recognised). Linear regression analyses were used to identify predictors of higher symptom and risk factor recognition scores.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Awareness of cervical cancer symptoms and risk factors.

RESULTS:

Sixty-five percent of respondents were unable to recall any risk factors and 75% were unable to recall any symptoms. Awareness was higher when women were prompted (95% recognised at least one risk factor and 93% at least one symptom). Independent predictors of risk factor recognition were older age and higher education. Symptom recognition was associated with older age, White ethnicity, higher education and having a close experience of cervical cancer.

CONCLUSIONS:

To reduce inequalities in awareness, interventions should target younger women with lower education and those from ethnic minority groups.

PMID:
22683170
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejca.2012.05.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center