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Plant Sci. 2012 Aug;191-192:82-92. doi: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2012.02.004. Epub 2012 Feb 16.

Properties of β-thioglucoside hydrolases (TGG1 and TGG2) from leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana.

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Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA.


Myrosinases (β-thioglucoside glucohydrolase, TGG; EC catalyze the hydrolysis of glucosinolates, a structurally distinct group of nitrogen- and sulfur-containing secondary metabolites, to give a chemically unstable intermediate, glucose and sulfate. This catalysis initiates a chemical defense in crucifer plants as a response to the tissue-damaging activities of herbivores and pathogens. To characterize the individual and collective biochemical properties of the myrosinase enzymes found in the aerial tissues of Arabidopsis thaliana, we purified TGG1 and TGG2, which share 73% amino acid identity, individually from T-DNA insertion lines of Arabidopsis using lectin affinity and anion exchange chromatography. Electrophoresis under denaturing conditions and the mobility of nondenatured TGG1 and TGG2 protein on gel filtration chromatography indicated that the native proteins exist as dimers of 150 and 126 kDa, respectively. Despite their relatively similar kinetic parameters, both enzymes had distinct physicochemical properties such as extractability in low ionic strength buffer and electrophoretic mobility following deglycosylation treatment. Deglycosylation under nondenaturing conditions had limited effects on TGG1 and no effect on TGG2 activity. Both enzymes functioned across a broad range of temperatures (up to 60 °C) and pH values (5-10). These results demonstrate that myrosinases have the ability to function in environments like the digestive tract of insect herbivores that are significantly different from the environment in a damaged plant.

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