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Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2012 Nov-Dec;55(3):696-701. doi: 10.1016/j.archger.2012.05.005. Epub 2012 Jun 7.

Analysis of the physical and functional parameters of older adults with chronic venous disease.

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Postgraduate Program in Sciences of Rehabilitation, Department of Physical Therapy, School of Physical Education, Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy of Federal University of Minas Gerais, Av. Pres. Antônio Carlos, 6627, Campus Pampulha, Belo Horizonte 31 270-901, MG, Brazil.


The chronic venous disease (CVD) results from a situation of venous hypertension which occurs when there is a dysfunction of the calf pump musculature. Such alteration contributes to the worsening of the disease and may generate physical and functional limitations among older adults, carriers of CVD. In the present study, we aimed to compare the performance of the plantar flexor, the range of motion (ROM) of the ankle, gait speed and functional capacity among older adults with and without CVD. This is a cross-sectional study, with a convenience sample of 30 older adults with CVD and 30 without the disease. Gait speed was assessed by the GAITrite system, version 3.9; the dorsiflexion (DF) and plantar flexion (PF) ROMs, by goniometry, and the function of the plantar flexors by the isokinetic dynamometry. Functional capacity was evaluated by Katz and Lawton scales and by the assessment of the activities of social nature. The CVD group presented lesser ROM of DF and PF, peak torque and power of plantar flexors, gait speed and social restriction when compared to the control group (p<0.05). We concluded that older adults with CVD present important limitations of ROM and strength, mobility and social restriction confirming findings of previous studies. Such results might guide professionals in their approaches both for determining the relevance of parameters to be assessed and of their therapeutic approaches.

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