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Case Rep Gastroenterol. 2012 May;6(2):254-9. doi: 10.1159/000338845. Epub 2012 May 8.

Complete remission of pancreatic pseudoaneurysm rupture with arterial embolization in a patient with poor risk for surgery: a case report.

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1
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.

Abstract

Pancreatic pseudoaneurysm is a rare vascular complication of chronic pancreatitis resulting from erosion of the pancreatic or peripancreatic artery into a pseudocyst that is identified as a pulsating vascular malformation which may lead to lethal complications if left untreated. Many publications in the literature consider angiography as the first step in the management of pancreatic pseudoaneurysm to stabilize the patient's critical condition; it should be followed by surgical intervention as the definite treatment. We report a rare case of pancreatic pseudoaneurysm rupture with hemodynamic embarrassment in a critical patient with multiple comorbid conditions and poor risk for surgery who responded dramatically to angiographic management as a single therapeutic modality without further surgical intervention. The results observed in our patient suggest that pancreatic pseudoaneurysm may be successfully managed with angiography only and that not all cases require surgical intervention. This is particularly relevant in critically ill patients in whom surgical intervention would be unfeasible.

KEYWORDS:

Angiography; Arterial embolization; Pancreatitis; Pseudoaneurysm

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