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Science. 2012 Jul 13;337(6091):195-9. doi: 10.1126/science.1219723. Epub 2012 Jun 7.

MMS19 assembles iron-sulfur proteins required for DNA metabolism and genomic integrity.

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Institut für Zytobiologie und Zytopathologie, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Robert-Koch-Str. 6, 35033 Marburg, Germany.


Instability of the nuclear genome is a hallmark of cancer and aging. MMS19 protein has been linked to maintenance of genomic integrity, but the molecular basis of this connection is unknown. Here, we identify MMS19 as a member of the cytosolic iron-sulfur protein assembly (CIA) machinery. MMS19 functions as part of the CIA targeting complex that specifically interacts with and facilitates iron-sulfur cluster insertion into apoproteins involved in methionine biosynthesis, DNA replication, DNA repair, and telomere maintenance. MMS19 thus serves as an adapter between early-acting CIA components and a subset of cellular iron-sulfur proteins. The function of MMS19 in the maturation of crucial components of DNA metabolism may explain the sensitivity of MMS19 mutants to DNA damage and the presence of extended telomeres.

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