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Cornea. 2012 Dec;31(12):1468-75. doi: 10.1097/ICO.0b013e3182473356.

Effect of glucocorticoid (triamcinolone acetonide) pretreatment in a murine penetrating keratoplasty and suture model.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA. yangkyeung@hanmail.net

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate the effect of glucocorticoid (triamcinolone acetonide injectable suspension) pretreatment on corneal neovascularization, lymphangiogenesis, and inflammation in a murine penetrating keratoplasty (PK) and corneal suture model.

METHODS:

For the PK model, BALB/c mice were used as recipients and C57BL/6 mice were used as donors. A group pretreated with subconjunctival glucocorticoid and a combination of post-subconjunctival and topical glucocorticoids (group I) was compared with two groups that did not receive glucocorticoid pretreatment [one group received a combination of subconjunctival and topical glucocorticoids postoperatively (group II) and the other group received only topical glucocorticoid treatment postoperatively (group III)]. All groups were treated with subconjunctival glucocorticoid on the day of surgery. For the corneal suture model, BALB/c mice were used. A group receiving only pre-suture glucocorticoid treatment (group A) and a group receiving only post-suture glucocorticoid treatment (group C) were compared with a control group that did not receive glucocorticoid therapy (group B). The degree of neovascularization, lymphangiogenesis, and inflammatory infiltration was compared in each of these models.

RESULTS:

In the PK model, the group receiving glucocorticoid pretreatment (group I) showed less neovascularization compared with the posttreatment-only groups (group II, P=0.043; group III, P=0.020) and less lymphangiogenesis compared with group III (P=0.005). In the corneal suture model, the glucocorticoid pretreatment group showed a similar level of neovascularization, lymphangiogenesis, and inflammatory infiltration as the posttreatment-only groups (P>0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Glucocorticoid pretreatment before PK decreases neovascularization and lymphangiogenesis compared with posttransplant glucocorticoid treatment alone.

PMID:
22677639
PMCID:
PMC3443542
DOI:
10.1097/ICO.0b013e3182473356
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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