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J Pediatr. 2012 Nov;161(5):848-54. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2012.04.046. Epub 2012 Jun 5.

Vitamin D status is linked to biomarkers of oxidative stress, inflammation, and endothelial activation in obese children.

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Department of Pediatrics, Dr Peset University Hospital, Valencia, Spain.



To examine vitamin D, parathyroid hormone, and serum calcium-phosphorus levels relationships to biomarkers of oxidative/nitrosative stress, inflammation, and endothelial activation, potential contributors for vascular complications in obese children.


Cross-sectional clinical study of 66 obese Caucasian children aged 7 to 14 years. Cardiovascular risk factors were assessed. Malondialdehyde and myeloperoxidase as measures of oxidative stress, and plasma nitrite+nitrate, urinary nitrate, and 3-nitrotyrosine as markers of nitrosative stress were measured. Adipocytokines, inflammatory molecules (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α), endothelial activation molecules (soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1, soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 [sVCAM-1]), E-selectin, and vascular endothelial growth factor were also investigated. Serum 25-hydroxy-cholecalciferol [25(OH)D], intact parathormone, and calcium-phosphorus levels were determined in these children and in a comparison group of 39 non-obese children.


Obese children had a significantly lower 25(OH)D level (P = .002) and a higher intact parathormone (P = .011) than non-obese children. Phosphorus and the calcium-phosphorus product were also significantly higher (P < .0001). Insufficient serum concentrations of 25(OH)D (<20 ng/mL) were detected in 5% of normal children and in 30% of the obese children. In the obese children with vitamin D insufficiency, malondialdehyde, myeloperoxidase, 3-nitrotyrosine, interleukin-6, and sVCAM-1 were substantially elevated. A partial correlation analysis showed an inverse relationship of 25(OH)D levels with 3-nitrotyrosine (r = -0.424, P = .001), and sVCAM-1 (r = -0.272, P = .032).


Insufficient 25(OH)D levels were detected in severely obese children with increased markers of oxidative/nitrosative stress, inflammation, and endothelial activation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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