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Vet Parasitol. 2012 Oct 26;189(2-4):153-61. doi: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2012.04.036. Epub 2012 May 3.

Genetic characterization of Toxoplasma gondii isolates from pigs intended for human consumption in Brazil.

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1
Departamento de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz - UESC, Rodovia Ilhéus-Itabuna, km 16, Salobrinho, Ilhéus, BA 45662-000, Brazil.

Abstract

This study genetically Toxoplasma gondii isolates obtained from pigs intended for human consumption in northeastern Brazil; multilocus PCR-RFLP and sequencing techniques were utilized. Bioassays were conducted using the brain and tongue of 20 pig heads purchased at butcher shops in the city of Ilheus, Bahia, Brazil. Overall, 11 T. gondii isolates designated TgPgBr06-16 were identified. Application of multilocus PCR-RFLP with seven molecular markers (SAG1, SAG2, SAG3, BTUB, C22-8, PK1 and Apico) identified six different genotypes. Isolates TgPgBr 06, 08, 11, 12, 14 and 15 were indistinguishable by this technique, forming a single genotype; the remaining isolates were characterized as distinct genotypes. However, when five genetic markers (SAG1, SAG2, SAG3, BTUB and c22-8) were employed in multilocus PCR-sequencing, all eleven strains of T. gondii were shown to be different. All isolates differed from Type I, II and III clonal genotypes using both genotyping techniques. These results demonstrate that the multilocus PCR-RFLP assay underestimated the true diversity of the T. gondii population in this study. Thus, DNA sequencing is the preferred technique to infer the genetic diversity and population structure of T. gondii strains from Brazil. Moreover, it is necessary to develop new molecular markers to group and characterize atypical T. gondii isolates from South America.

PMID:
22677134
DOI:
10.1016/j.vetpar.2012.04.036
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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