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Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2012 Oct;147(4):684-91. Epub 2012 Jun 5.

Multidisciplinary team approach in the management of tracheostomy patients.

Author information

1
Percutaneous Tracheostomy Service, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA. vpandia1@jhmi.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine whether the implementation of a multidisciplinary percutaneous tracheostomy team decreases complications, improves efficiency in patient care, and reduces length of stay and cost in patients undergoing percutaneous tracheostomy.

STUDY DESIGN:

Case series with planned data collection.

SETTING:

Urban, academic, tertiary care medical center.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

Patients who underwent a percutaneous tracheostomy in 2004 and 2008, before and after the formation of a multidisciplinary percutaneous tracheostomy team, were included in the study. Data for the study were retrieved from a tracheostomy database. Measured outcomes include complications, efficiency, length of stay, and cost.

RESULTS:

Complications such as airway bleeding and physiological disturbances decreased significantly in 2008 as compared with 2004. The percentage of patients who received a tracheostomy within 2 days increased from 42.3% to 92% (2004 vs 2008), showing improvement in efficiency of care. There was no significant difference between the groups in terms of infection rate, length of stay, or mortality. However, in a subanalysis, the length of stay was found to be decreased in patients whose primary diagnosis was a neurological disorder. Finally, despite the necessity of a hospital-based subsidy, the team approach yielded substantial financial benefit to the medical center.

CONCLUSIONS:

Airway bleeding, physiological disturbances, and efficiency of care improved after the institution of a multidisciplinary percutaneous tracheostomy team approach and may have a favorable impact on health care costs.

PMID:
22675004
DOI:
10.1177/0194599812449995
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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