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J Orthop Res. 2012 Dec;30(12):2046-51. doi: 10.1002/jor.22161. Epub 2012 Jun 4.

Taurine chloramine induces apoptosis in human osteosarcoma cell lines.

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Department of Hospital Hygiene, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, Austria.


Although combination of surgery with chemotherapy has noticeably improved the survival rate of osteosarcoma patients, the application of anticancer drugs is still associated with significant adverse reactions, for instance acquisition of drug-resistant phenotypes, necessitating the development of new chemotherapeutical agents. Therefore, the aim of this study was to research, if taurine chloramine (NCT) induces apoptosis in the osteosarcoma cell lines HOS, MG-63, and SAOS-2. Proliferation of osteosarcoma cells was detected with the "EZ4U Cell Proliferation and Cyotoxicity Assay" showing a time- and dose-dependent cytotoxic effect of NCT on these cell lines. After 3 h of incubation all cell lines showed significantly less cells at 5.5 mM NCT solutions, after 6 h at concentrations of 1.1 and 2.2 mM. Acridine-orange fluorescence nuclear staining showed characteristic features of apoptosis. DNA fragmentation was detected via ELISA, showing significant results for HOS and MG-63 after 6 h at an NCT concentration of 3.3 mM. Results of JC-1 mitochondrial FACS analysis presented a significant increase in apoptotic cells after 6 h at 3.3 mM for the tested cell lines. Summarized, the results of this study indicate that NCT is a promising agent in osteosarcoma therapy.

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