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Scand J Caring Sci. 2013 Jun;27(2):260-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-6712.2012.01025.x. Epub 2012 Jun 5.

Primary health care resources for rehabilitation and secondary prevention after myocardial infarction - a questionnaire survey.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Lund University and Skåne University Hospital/Lund, Lund, Sweden. annica.sjostrom-strand@med.lu.se

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

During the first year after a cardiac event, many patients are offered participation in a cardiac rehabilitation programme, after which the patients are often not given the opportunity to continue to attend rehabilitation and secondary prevention programmes.

AIM:

This study describes the primary health care centres' (PHCC) resources regarding cardiac rehabilitation/secondary prevention programmes for coronary heart disease (CHD) patients in a southern Swedish region.

METHOD:

A questionnaire containing 26 dichotomous or multiple choice questions was sent to the responsible manager of all 137 public and private PHCCs in Region Skåne. Questionnaires from 91 (66%) of the PHCCs were completed and returned.

RESULT:

Few nurses at the PHCCs had special training regarding CHD (10%), cardiac rehabilitation (8%) or heart failure (32%). Twenty-one per cent of the physicians had special training regarding CHD. One third of the PHCCs did not offer long-term secondary prevention programmes, and few (6%) had any routines for offering socio-economic support to CHD patients. Comparison of private and public PHCCs showed that the private centres could not offer a physiotherapist (61 vs. 84%) or dietician (32 vs. 73%; p = 0.03) to the same extension as the public ones. Furthermore, the majority (91%) of PHCCs had no cooperation with patient organizations.

CONCLUSIONS:

The PHCCs need to improve the strategies and long-term rehabilitation programmes. Furthermore, they need to focus on education programme for the staff. The result revealed that the PHCCs lack resources, strategies and long-term care programmes for CHD patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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