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Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2012 Jul;32(4):349-54. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-1313.2012.00920.x. Epub 2012 Jun 1.

Repeatability of corneal biomechanical measurements in children wearing spectacles and orthokeratology lenses.

Author information

1
Centre for Myopia Research, School of Optometry, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong. shanica927@gmail.com

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the repeatability of corneal hysteresis (CH) and corneal resistance factor (CRF) measurements in children wearing spectacles and children under orthokeratology (ortho-k) therapy using the Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA).

METHODS:

CH and CRF were measured twice at a 10-min interval using ORA on the same day in both eyes of 25 children (mean age = 10.6 ± 1.2 years) wearing spectacles and 34 children (mean age = 10.9 ± 1.0 years) wearing ortho-k lenses. Four measurements were obtained from each eye in each set of measurements. Only data from the right eyes were analyzed.

RESULTS:

No significant between-measurement differences in CH and CRF were found in either group of subjects (paired t-tests, p > 0.05) and no correlations were found between the mean differences and their means (Pearson's correlations, -0.09 < r < 0.21, 0.24 < p < 0.85). The 95% limits of agreement (LA) were -1.87 mmHg to +2.59 mmHg and -1.53 mmHg to +1.41 mmHg for CH and -1.86 mmHg to +2.22 mmHg and -1.45 mmHg to +1.57 mmHg for CRF in the spectacle and ortho-k groups, respectively. A significant between-group difference in CRF was found (unpaired t-tests, p = 0.02).

CONCLUSIONS:

Repeatability of CH and CRF measurements using the ORA is within ± 2 mmHg in children wearing spectacles or ortho-k lenses. We suggest that the ORA can be used to monitor long-term corneal biomechanical changes during ortho-k treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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