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G3 (Bethesda). 2012 May;2(5):569-78. doi: 10.1534/g3.112.002436. Epub 2012 May 1.

Regulated Expression of Chromobox Homolog 5 Revealed in Tumors of Apc(Min) (/+) ROSA11 Gene Trap Mice.

Abstract

The gene-trap lacZ reporter insertion, ROSA11, in the Cbx5 mouse gene illuminates the regulatory complexity of this locus in Apc(Min) (/+) mice. The insertion site of the β-Geo gene-trap element lies in the 24-kb intron proximal to the coding region of Cbx5. Transcript analysis indicates that two promoters for Cbx5 flank this insertion site. Heterozygotes for the insertion express lacZ widely in fetal tissues but show limited expression in adult tissues. In the intestine, strong expression is limited to proliferative zones of crypts and tumors. Homozygotes for ROSA11, found at a lower than Mendelian frequency, express reduced levels of the coding region transcript in normal tissues, using a downstream promoter. Analysis via real-time polymerase chain reaction indicates that the upstream promoter is the dominant promoter in normal epithelium and tumors. Bioinformatic analysis of the Cbx5 locus indicates that WNT and its target transcription factor MYC can establish a feedback loop that may play a role in regulating the self-renewal of the normal intestinal epithelium and its tumors.

KEYWORDS:

Cre drivers; WNT signaling; cancer progenitor; lacZ reporter

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