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Transfus Med Hemother. 2012 Apr;39(2):104-113. Epub 2012 Mar 8.

Reduction of Fresh Frozen Plasma Requirements by Perioperative Point-of-Care Coagulation Management with Early Calculated Goal-Directed Therapy.

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1
Klinik für Anästhesiologie und Intensivmedizin, Universitätsklinikum Essen, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Massive bleeding and transfusion of packed red blood cells (PRBC), fresh frozen plasma (FFP) and platelets are associated with increased morbidity, mortality and costs.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

We analysed the transfusion requirements after implementation of point-of-care (POC) coagulation management algorithms based on early, calculated, goal-directed therapy with fibrinogen concentrate and prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) in different perioperative settings (trauma surgery, visceral and transplant surgery (VTS), cardiovascular surgery (CVS) and general and surgical intensive care medicine) at 3 different hospitals (AUVA Trauma Centre Salzburg, University Hospital Innsbruck and University Hospital Essen) in 2 different countries (Austria and Germany).

RESULTS:

In all institutions, the implementation of POC coagulation management algorithms was associated with a reduction in the transfusion requirements for FFP by about 90% (Salzburg 94%, Innsbruck 88% and Essen 93%). Furthermore, PRBC transfusion was reduced by 8.4-62%. The incidence of intraoperative massive transfusion (≥10 U PRBC) could be more than halved in VTS and CVS (2.56 vs. 0.88%; p < 0.0001 and 2.50 vs. 1.06%; p = 0.0007, respectively). Platelet transfusion could be reduced by 21-72%, except in CVS where it increased by 115% due to a 5-fold increase in patients with dual antiplatelet therapy (2.7 vs. 13.7%; p < 0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS:

The implementation of perioperative POC coagulation management algorithms based on early, calculated, goal-directed therapy with fibrinogen concentrate and PCC is associated with a reduction in the transfusion requirements for FFP, PRBC and platelets as well as with a reduced incidence of massive transfusion. Thus, the limited blood resources can be used more efficiently.

PMID:
22670128
PMCID:
PMC3364099
DOI:
000337186

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