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Transfus Med Hemother. 2012 Apr;39(2):67-72. Epub 2012 Mar 8.

Patient Blood Management: A Patient-Orientated Approach to Blood Replacement with the Goal of Reducing Anemia, Blood Loss and the Need for Blood Transfusion in Elective Surgery.

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Department for Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, General Hospital Linz, Austria.


Patient Blood Management (PBM) describes an evidence-based, multidisciplinary therapeutic approach. Its focus is on the treatment of the individual patient and as such comprises transfusion therapy and pharmacotherapy. Furthermore, the applicability of PBM is not limited to the perioperative setting but is applicable also to other therapeutic measures and disciplines where significant blood loss is known to occur and where transfusion of blood products is part of the established treatment. PBM is fundamentally based on 3 pillars: (1) optimization of the (preoperative) erythrocyte volume, (2) reduction of diagnostic, therapeutic, or intraoperative blood loss, and (3) increasing individual tolerance towards anemia and accurate blood transfusion triggers. PBM primarily identifies patients at risk of transfusion and provides a management plan aimed at reducing or eliminating the risk of anemia and the need for allogeneic transfusion, thus reducing the inherent risks, inventory pressures, and the escalating costs associated with transfusion.


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