Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2012 Nov;470(11):3083-93. doi: 10.1007/s11999-012-2400-x.

Highly crosslinked polyethylene does not reduce aseptic loosening in cemented THA 10-year findings of a randomized study.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedics, Institution of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, 413 45 Gothenburg, Sweden. per-erik.johanson@vgregion.se

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Polyethylene (PE) wear particles are believed to cause aseptic loosening and thereby impair function in hip arthroplasty. Highly crosslinked polyethylene (XLPE) has low short- and medium-term wear rates. However, the long-term wear characteristics are unknown and it is unclear whether reduced wear particle burden improves function and survival of cemented hip arthroplasty.

QUESTIONS/PURPOSES:

We asked whether XLPE wear rates remain low up to 10 years and whether this leads to improved implant fixation, periprosthetic bone quality, and clinical function compared to conventional PE.

METHODS:

We randomized 60 patients (61 hips) to receive either PE or XLPE cemented cups combined with a cemented stem. At 10 years postoperatively, 51 patients (52 hips) were evaluated for polyethylene wear and component migration estimation by radiostereometry, for radiolucent lines, bone densitometry, and Harris hip and pain scores. Revisions were recorded.

RESULTS:

XLPE cups had a lower mean three-dimensional wear rate between 2 and 10 years compared to conventional PE hips: 0.005 mm/year versus 0.056 mm/year. We found no differences in cup migration, bone mineral density, radiolucencies, functional scores, and revision rate. There was a trend toward improved stem fixation in the XLPE group. The overall stem failure rate was comparably high, without influencing wear rate in XLPE hips.

CONCLUSIONS:

XLPE displayed a low wear rate up to 10 years when used in cemented THA, but we found no clear benefits in any other parameters. Further research is needed to determine whether cemented THA designs with XLPE are less prone to stem loosening.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

Level I, therapeutic study. See the Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

PMID:
22669546
PMCID:
PMC3462851
DOI:
10.1007/s11999-012-2400-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center