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J Biochem. 2012 Aug;152(2):191-8. doi: 10.1093/jb/mvs060. Epub 2012 Jun 4.

Effect of an MCM4 mutation that causes tumours in mouse on human MCM4/6/7 complex formation.

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College of Science, Ibaraki University, 2-1-1 Bunkyo, Mito, Ibaraki 351-8511, Japan.


It has been reported that a point mutation of minichromosome maintenance (MCM)4 causes mammary carcinoma, and it deregulates DNA replication to produce abnormal chromosome structures. To understand the effect of this mutation at level of MCM2-7 interaction, we examined the effect of the same mutation of human MCM4 on the complex formation with MCM6 and MCM7 in insect cells. Human MCM4/6/7 complexes containing the mutated MCM4 were formed, but the hexameric complex formation was not evident in comparison with those containing wild-type MCM4. In binary expression of MCM4 and MCM6, decreased levels of MCM6 were recovered with the mutated MCM4, compared with wild-type MCM4. These results suggest that this mutation of MCM4 perturbs proper interaction with MCM6 to affect complex formation of MCM4/6/7 that is a core structure of MCM2-7 complex. Consistent with this notion, nuclear localization and MCM complex formation of forcedly expressed MCM4 in human cells are affected by this mutation. Thus, the defect of this mutant MCM4 in interacting with MCM6 may generate a decreased level of chromatin binding of MCM2-7 complex.

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