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Acta Otolaryngol. 2012 Aug;132(8):862-73. doi: 10.3109/00016489.2012.669498. Epub 2012 Jun 5.

Homozygous M34T mutation of the GJB2 gene associates with an autosomal recessive nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing impairment in Finnish families.

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Department of Paediatrics, Child Neurology, Kuopio University Hospital, Finland.



The genetic and audiological data support the hypothesis that the p.M34T is a pathogenic mutation in the Finnish population. The p.M34T mutation displays an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance and is associated with mild to moderate nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing impairment (SNHI) in the homozygous state. The audiograms often display a hearing impairment notch at 2-4 kHz in young patients, which may aid in the early diagnosis.


The aim of the study was to assess whether the p.M34T mutation in the GJB2 gene may associate with nonsyndromic SNHI.


We systematically reviewed the families with children diagnosed with nonsyndromic SNHI caused by a homozygous p.M34T mutation at the Kuopio and Oulu University Hospital Clinics. The children were re-examined and audiological and genetic data were obtained from their parents and healthy siblings to study genotype-phenotype correlation.


We describe 11 patients from 6 families including 5 sibling pairs from 6 to 23 years of age with homozygous p.M34T genotype all having mild nonsyndromic SNHI. In addition, we found three patients with compound p.M34T mutation also exhibiting mild to moderate SNHI.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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