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J Biomech Eng. 2012 Apr;134(4):041007. doi: 10.1115/1.4006466.

Ventricle equilibrium position in healthy and normal pressure hydrocephalus brains using an analytical model.

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LSMX, Ecole Polytechnique,Fédérale de Lausanne, Station 12, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.


The driving force that causes enlargement of the ventricles remains unclear in case of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH). Both healthy and NPH brain conditions are characterized by a low transparenchymal pressure drop, typically 1 mm Hg. The present paper proposes an analytical model for normal and NPH brains using Darcy's and Biot's equations and simplifying the brain geometry to a hollow sphere with an internal and external radius. Self-consistent solutions for the large deformation problem that is associated with large ventricle dilation are presented and the notion of equilibrium or stable ventricle position is highlighted for both healthy and NPH conditions. The influence of different biomechanical parameters on the stable ventricle geometry is assessed and it is shown that both CSF seepage through the ependyma and parenchymal permeability play a key role. Although very simple, the present model is able to predict the onset and development of NPH conditions as a deviation from healthy conditions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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