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PLoS One. 2012;7(5):e37821. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0037821. Epub 2012 May 29.

Analysis of dehydration and strength in elite badminton players.

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Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Camilo José Cela University, Madrid, Spain.



The negative effects of dehydration on aerobic activities are well established. However, it is unknown how dehydration affects intermittent sports performance. The purpose of this study was to identify the level of dehydration in elite badminton players and its relation to muscle strength and power production.


Seventy matches from the National Spanish badminton championship were analyzed (46 men's singles and 24 women's singles). Before and after each match, jump height and power production were determined during a countermovement jump on a force platform. Participants' body weight and a urine sample were also obtained before and after each match. The amount of liquid that the players drank during the match was also calculated by weighing their individual drinking bottles.


Sweat rate during the game was 1.14 ± 0.46 l/h in men and 1.02 ± 0.64 l/h in women. The players rehydrated at a rate of 1.10 ± 0.55 l/h and 1.01 ± 0.44 l/h in the male and female groups respectively. Thus, the dehydration attained during the game was only 0.37 ± 0.50% in men and 0.32 ± 0.83% in women. No differences were found in any of the parameters analyzed during the vertical jump (men: from 31.82 ± 5.29 to 32.90 ± 4.49 W/kg; p>0.05, women: from 26.36 ± 4.73 to 27.25 ± 4.44 W/kg; p>0.05). Post-exercise urine samples revealed proteinuria (60.9% of cases in men and 66.7% in women), leukocyturia (men = 43.5% and women = 50.0%) and erythrocyturia (men = 50.0% and women = 21.7%).


Despite a moderate sweat rate, badminton players adequately hydrated during a game and thus the dehydration attained was low. The badminton match did not cause muscle fatigue but it significantly increased the prevalence of proteinuria, leukocyturia and erythrocyturia.

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