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J Contemp Dent Pract. 2012 Mar 1;13(2):178-81.

Symptomatic changes of oral mucosa during normal hormonal turnover in healthy young menstruating women.

Author information

  • 1Department of Oral Pathology, KMCT Dental College Manassery, Kozhikode, Kerala, India. tkmithran@yahoo.com

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Changes in hormonal levels, such as those that occur during puberty, pregnancy, menstruation and menopause, have varying effects on oral cavity. Many researchers have proposed a direct link between changing hormonal status and oral health among females.

OBJECTIVES:

To study the various symptoms and clinical manifestations of oral cavity during normal course of menstrual cycle in healthy women.

METHOD:

Our study comprised of forty healthy young women volunteers with normal menstrual cycle of 28 to 30 days. A proper menstrual history was recorded from the study subjects. The entire cycle was divided into four phases comprising of bleeding, proliferative, ovulation and secretory. All the study subjects had a menstrual cycle of 28 to 30 days. Thorough recording of oral discomforts during various phases of the cycle was done during the study period.

RESULTS:

30% of study subjects complained of aphthous ulcers, 5% had herpes labialis, 25% of them complained of depression, 8% showed gingival bleeding.

CONCLUSION:

Complaints, like oral ulcerations, mood variations, recurrent herpetic lesions, gingival bleeding in females during normal menstrual period, are attributed to the role of female sex hormones.

CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE:

Lesions, like oral ulcers, recurrent herpetic lesions and increased gingival bleeding, seen in females during normal menstrual periods, could be related to hormonal turnover and therefore treated accordingly.

PMID:
22665744
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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