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Pediatrics. 2012 Jul;130(1):46-53. doi: 10.1542/peds.2011-3402. Epub 2012 Jun 4.

Self-reported adolescent health status of extremely low birth weight children born 1992-1995.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA. mxh7@case.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To compare the self-reported health of extremely low birth weight (ELBW, <1 kg) adolescents with that of normal birth weight (NBW) controls and the children's assessments of their general health at ages 8 versus 14 years.

METHODS:

One hundred sixty-eight ELBW children and 115 NBW controls of similar gender and sociodemographic status completed the Child Health and Illness Profile-Adolescent Edition at age 14 years. It includes 6 domains: Satisfaction, Comfort, Resilience, Risk Avoidance, Achievement, and Disorders. At age 8 years, the children had completed the Child Health and Illness Profile-Child Edition. Results were compared between ELBW and NBW subjects adjusting for gender and sociodemographic status.

RESULTS:

ELBW adolescents rated their health similar to that of NBW adolescents in the domains of Satisfaction, Comfort, Resilience, Achievement and Disorders but reported more Risk Avoidance (effect size [ES] 0.6, P < .001). In the subdomain of Resilience, they also noted less physical activity (ES -0.58, P < .001), and in the subdomain of Disorders, more long-term surgical (ES -0.49) and psychosocial disorders (ES -0.49; both P < .01). Both ELBW and NBW children reported a decrease in general health between ages 8 and 14 years, which did not differ significantly between groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

ELBW adolescents report similar health and well-being compared with NBW controls but greater risk avoidance. Both ELBW and NBW children rate their general health to be poorer at age 14 than at age 8 years, possibly due to age-related developmental changes.

PMID:
22665412
PMCID:
PMC3382919
DOI:
10.1542/peds.2011-3402
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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