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Theor Appl Genet. 1999 Aug;99(3-4):391-7. doi: 10.1007/s001220051249.

Centromeric localization of an S-RNase gene in Petunia hybrida Vilm.

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Graduate School of Biological Sciences, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 630-0101, Ikoma, JP.


S-RNase has been identified to be an S-allele-specific stylar determinant contributing to the self-incompatibility response in Solanaceae. In order to examine the physical location of the S-RNase gene, multi-color fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using the S (B1) -RNase cDNA probe and ribosomal RNA gene (rDNA) probe was performed on an S (B1) S (B2 )heterozygote of Petunia hybrida. The S (B1) -RNase gene was detected as a doublet signal close to the centromere of chromosome III. Next, we performed FISH using a large genome probe prepared from a λSB1-311 clone (20 kb) which contains the S (B1) -RNase gene and its 3´ flanking region. This probe hybridized to the centromeric regions of all P. hybrida chromosomes. Sequence analysis of the λSB1-311 clone revealed the presence of a repetitive sequence consisting of a novel 666 bp unit sequence. A subclone (pBS-SB1B5) containing this unit sequence also hybridized to all of the centromeric regions, confirming that this unit is the centromeric specific repetitive sequence. These data suggested that the S ( B1 ) -RNase gene is located very close to (within a distance of 12 kb from) the centromeric-specific repetitive sequence. Likewise, the pBS-SB1B5 probe hybridized to the centromeric regions of all chromosomes in P. littoralis, another Petunia species. However, the probe did not hybridize to the centromere of the chromosomes from other species in Solanaceae. These results suggested that this centromeric repetitive sequence might be a genus-specific one.


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