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Antiviral Res. 2012 Aug;95(2):104-17. doi: 10.1016/j.antiviral.2012.05.011. Epub 2012 May 30.

Dobrava-Belgrade virus: phylogeny, epidemiology, disease.

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National Reference Laboratory for Arboviruses, A' Department of Microbiology, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki 54006, Greece.


Dobrava-Belgrade virus (DOBV) is an Old World hantavirus that causes hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in humans. With a case fatality rate up to 12%, DOBV infection is the most life-threatening hantavirus disease in Europe. The virus was initially identified in the Balkans, but the discovery of new endemic foci have expanded its recognized geographic range. The recent description of novel genetic variants with different degrees of pathogenicity have complicated its taxonomic analysis. The original rodent host of DOBV is Apodemus flavicollis, however additional Apodemus species, such Apodemus agrarius and Apodemus ponticus, have been found to serve as hosts of the various DOBV genotypes. The complex evolution and genetic diversity of the virus are still under investigation. The present review aims to provide an update on the phylogeny of DOBV and the epidemiology of infection in rodents and humans; to describe the clinical characteristics of the disease; to present current knowledge about laboratory diagnosis, treatment and prevention; discuss the current state of the art in antiviral drug and vaccine development.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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