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Protective effect of captopril on the blood-retina barrier in normotensive insulin-dependent diabetic patients with nephropathy and background retinopathy.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Hellerup, Denmark.

Abstract

The effect of 18 months' inhibition of angiotensin-converting enzyme by captopril on the leakage of fluorescein through the blood-retina barrier was examined in a prospective, randomized control study of 20 normotensive insulin-dependent diabetic patients with nephropathy and background retinopathy. After 18 months, 15 patients remained in the study. Fluorescein leakage remained nearly unchanged in the captopril-treated group, being 4.1 +/- 4.1 (mean +/- SD) x 10(-7) cm/s at baseline and 4.2 +/- 4.1 x 10(-7) cm/s after 18 months' treatment. The permeability increased significantly (P less than 0.01) from 3.3 +/- 2.2 x 10(-7) cm/s to 5.6 +/- 3.5 x 10(-7) cm/s at 18 months in the control group. Arterial blood pressure was nearly constant in both groups throughout the study. The results indicate that angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition with captopril can arrest or delay a progressive breakdown of the blood-retina barrier in normotensive insulin-dependent diabetic patients with nephropathy and background retinopathy.

PMID:
2265765
DOI:
10.1007/bf00918480
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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