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Gene. 1990 Nov 30;96(1):141-5.

HU-1 mutants of Escherichia coli deficient in DNA binding.

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Department of Molecular Genetics, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, Japan.


We constructed four mutants of the Escherichia coli hupB gene, encoding HU-1 protein, by synthetic oligodeoxyribonucleotide-directed, site-specific mutagenesis on M13mp18 vectors. The HupBR45 protein contained alterations of Arg58----Gly and Arg61----Gly, and the HupBF3, HupBK2 and HupBA1 proteins contained Phe47----Thr, Lys37----Gln and Ala30----Asp alterations, respectively. HupBF3 and HupBR45 were unable to maintain normal cell growth in a hupA-hupB-himA triple mutant at 42 degrees C, mini-F or RSF1010 proliferation, or Mu phage development in a hupA-hupB double mutant, whereas HupBA1 and HupBK2 supported these cellular activities. DNA-affinity column chromatography showed that the HupBF3 and HupBR45 had reduced affinities to DNA. These observations indicate that two highly conserved Arg residues in the arm structure of the C-terminal half of the HU-1 molecule and a Phe residue in the short beta-sheet connecting the two halves of the molecule are important for the DNA-binding ability and biological functions of this protein.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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