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Prog Urol. 2012 Jun;22(7):397-401. doi: 10.1016/j.purol.2012.01.012. Epub 2012 Feb 22.

[Characteristics of acute pyelonephritis in renal transplant patients].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Service d'urologie, CHRU Bretonneau, 2, boulevard Tonnellé, 37044 Tours, France. aurelie paule floch@yahoo.fr

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Renal transplantation is an attractive alternative to haemodialysis for patients with renal failure. Preserving renal function after renal transplantation depends on rejection episodes and infections of the graft.

PURPOSE:

To clarify the characteristics of acute pyelonephritis encountered in a population of kidney transplant patients and to discern risk factors occurring during the first year after transplantation.

METHOD:

Data for all renal transplantations between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2007 came from a database. Patients were at least 18 years old. A retrospective analysis was done.

RESULTS:

One hundred and eighty-four patients were included in the study. The incidence of acute pyelonephritis was 10.9%. In our sample, there were significantly more women who experienced pyelonephritis (P=0.012). Patients who had grafts with at least one episode of acute pyelonephritis were significantly younger (P=0.013) than transplanted patients without a history of acute pyelonephritis (44.4±10.5 and 52.2±13.4 years, respectively).

CONCLUSION:

Our study shows a lower incidence of pyelonephritis compared with the literature. Moreover, we found that young age and female gender were risk factors for developing this infection.

PMID:
22657259
DOI:
10.1016/j.purol.2012.01.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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