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FEBS Lett. 1990 Dec 10;276(1-2):29-33.

Reversible ADP-ribosylation of the 78 kDa glucose-regulated protein.

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Molecular and Cellular Biology and Pathobiology Program, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston 29425.


Starvation of Mouse hepatoma cells for essential amino acids or glucose results in the mono-ADP-ribosylation of the 78 kDa glucose-regulated protein, GRP78. Here we show that the ADP-ribosylated and non-ADP-ribosylated forms of GRP78 are interconvertible during tryptophan starvation and refeeding. In addition, the ADP-ribosylation of GRP78 was shown to be reversible even during nutritional stress. The overexpressed pool of non-ADP-ribosylated GRP78 synthesized during tunicamycin treatment was available for ADP-ribosylation during subsequent amino acid starvation, especially in the absence of tunicamycin. The reversible ADP-ribosylation of GRP78 could be part of a metabolic control mechanism in operation during nutritional stress.

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