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Mol Pharm. 2013 Jan 7;10(1):11-7. doi: 10.1021/mp300208g. Epub 2012 Jul 16.

P22 viral capsids as nanocomposite high-relaxivity MRI contrast agents.

Author information

1
Chemistry and Biochemistry Department and Center for Bio-Inspired Nanomaterials, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana 59717, United States.

Abstract

Attachment of multiple chelated Gd(3+) ions to the interior of bacteriophage P22 viral capsids affords nanoscale MRI contrast agents with extremely high relaxivity values. Highly fenestrated "wiffleball" morphology is unique to P22 and assures water exchange between the environment and interior cavity of the capsid. The cavity of P22 "wiffleball" was functionalized with a branched oligomer comprising multiple DTPA-Gd complexes resulting in an impressive payload of 1,900 Gd(3+) ions inside each 64 nm capsid. High relaxivities of r(1,ionic) = 21.7 mM(-1) s(-1) and r(1,particle) = 41,300 mM(-1) s(-1) at 298 K, 0.65 T (28 MHz) are reported, with r(1)/r(2) ratio of 0.80 and optimized rotational correlation time for this system. Specific design modifications are suggested for future improvements of viral capsid-based MRI contrast agents directed toward clinical translation.

PMID:
22656692
PMCID:
PMC3707300
DOI:
10.1021/mp300208g
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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