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World J Cardiol. 2012 May 26;4(5):135-47. doi: 10.4330/wjc.v4.i5.135.

Hypertension in the elderly.

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1
Nikolaos Lionakis, Dimitrios Mendrinos, Georgios Favatas, Maria Georgopoulou, Department of Cardiology, General Hospital of Nafplio, Asklipiou and Kolokotroni St, 21100 Nafplio, Greece.

Abstract

The elderly are the most rapidly growing population group in the world. Data collected over a 30-year period have demonstrated the increasing prevalence of hypertension with age. The risk of coronary artery disease, stroke, congestive heart disease, chronic kidney insufficiency and dementia is also increased in this subgroup of hypertensives. Hypertension in the elderly patients represents a management dilemma to cardiovascular specialists and other practioners. During the last years and before the findings of the Systolic Hypertension in Europe Trial were published, the general medical opinion considered not to decrease blood pressure values similarly to other younger patients, in order to avoid possible ischemic events and poor oxygenation of the organs (brain, heart, kidney). The aim of this review article is to highlight the importance of treating hypertension in aged population in order to improve their quality of life and lower the incidence of the cardiovascular complications.

KEYWORDS:

Elderly; Hypertension; Pathophysiology; Treatment

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