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Can J Plast Surg. 2011 Summer;19(2):e19-21.

Giant cell reparative granuloma of the proximal phalanx: A case report and literature review.

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Division of Plastic Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec.


The present article is a case report of a 16-year-old boy who presented with a benign bony tumour, which on histological analysis suggested giant cell reparative granuloma (GCRG), but was not corroborate by blood tests. The implications of this type of tumour and the correct diagnostic requirements were investigated. The correct identification of GCRG from other giant cell-containing tumours is important because the treatment modalities for these tumours significantly differ from one another. In most cases, histological findings are sufficient to identify the tumours. In most GCRG cases, curettage is usually a curative treatment option. However, due to high recurrence rates of GCRGs, close follow-up of these patients is warranted. Also, due to osteoclastic activity of the giant cells in GCRGs, the use of drugs such as calcitonin or bisphosphonates, which inhibit osteoclast differentiation and activation, may have an important influence on future treatments or in reducing the recurrence rate of these tumours.


Bony tumour; Giant cell granuloma; Phalanx


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