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World J Gastroenterol. 2012 May 28;18(20):2517-25. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v18.i20.2517.

Efficacy of mosapride citrate with polyethylene glycol solution for colonoscopy preparation.

Author information

1
Department of Endoscopy, Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, Nagoya 464-8681, Japan. mtajika@aichi-cc.jp

Abstract

AIM:

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of adjunctive mosapride citrate for bowel preparation before colonoscopy.

METHODS:

We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study with mosapride in addition to polyethylene glycol (PEG)-electrolyte solution. Of 250 patients undergoing colonoscopy, 124 were randomized to receive 2 L PEG plus 15 mg of mosapride citrate (mosapride group), and 126 received 2 L PEG plus placebo (placebo group). Patients completed a questionnaire reporting the acceptability and tolerability of the bowel preparation process. The efficacy of bowel preparation was assessed by colonoscopists using a 5-point scale based on Aronchick's criteria. The primary end point was optimal bowel preparation rates (scores of excellent/good/fair vs poor/inadequate).

RESULTS:

A total of 249 patients were included in the analysis. In the mosapride group, optimal bowel preparation rates were significantly higher in the left colon compared with the placebo group (78.2% vs 65.6%, P < 0.05), but not in the right colon (76.5% vs 66.4%, P = 0.08). After excluding patients with severe constipation, there was a significant difference in bowel preparation in both the left and right colon (82.4% vs 66.7%, 80.8% vs 67.5%, P < 0.05, P < 0.01). The incidence of adverse events was similar in both groups. Among the subgroup who had previous colonoscopy experience, a significantly higher number of patients in the mosapride group felt that the current preparation was easier compared with patients in the placebo group (34/72 patients vs 24/74 patients, P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Mosapride citrate may be an effective and safe adjunct to PEG-electrolyte solution that leads to improved quality of bowel preparation, especially in patients without severe constipation.

KEYWORDS:

Bowel preparation; Colonoscopy; Mosapride citrate; Polyethylene glycol-electrolyte solution; Prokinetics

PMID:
22654449
PMCID:
PMC3360450
DOI:
10.3748/wjg.v18.i20.2517
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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