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Indian J Community Med. 2012 Apr;37(2):95-100. doi: 10.4103/0970-0218.96094.

Alcohol Use and STI among Men in India: Evidences from a National Household Survey.

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National Institute of Medical Statistics, Indian Council of Medical Research, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Ex-NPO (HIV/AIDS), World Health Organization, New Delhi, India.



Alcohol use has been found to correlate with risky sexual behavior as well as with sexually transmitted infections (STI) among populations with high-risk behavior in India.


To examine the correlates of alcohol use and its association with STI among adult men in India.


Data from a national representative large-scale household sample survey in the country were used. It included information on sociodemographic characteristics and alcohol use as a part of substance use. Clinical as well laboratory testing was done to ascertain the STI.


The overall STI prevalence among adult males was found to be 2.5% (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.9-3.1). Over 26% adult men were found to have been using alcohol in the study population. It was higher among men who were illiterate and unskilled industrial workers/drivers. The men who consumed alcohol had higher prevalence of STI (3.6%; 95% CI: 2.9-5.1) than those who did not consume alcohol (2.1%; 95% CI: 1.5-2.6). The degree of association between alcoholism and STI was slightly reduced after adjusting for various sociodemographic characteristics (adjusted odds ratio: 1.5; 95% CI: 0.9-2.3; P=0.06).


The findings of present study suggest integrating alcohol risk reduction into STI/HIV prevention programmes.


Alcohol use; human immunodeficiency virus; men in India; sexually transmitted infections

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