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Indian J Microbiol. 2011 Jun;51(2):176-81. doi: 10.1007/s12088-011-0129-y. Epub 2011 Jan 25.

Chemical Characterization, Crossfeeding and Uptake Studies on Hydroxamate Siderophore of Alcaligenes faecalis.

Abstract

We report the production of two types of siderophores namely catecholate and hydroxamate in modified succinic acid medium (SM) from Alcaligenes faecalis. Two fractions of siderophores were purified on amberlite XAD, major fraction was hydroxamate type having a λ(max) at 224 nm and minor fraction appeared as catecholate with a λ(max) of 264 nm. The recovery yield obtained from major and minor fractions was 297 and 50 mg ml(-1) respectively. The IEF pattern of XAD-4 purified siderophore suggested the pI value of 6.5. Cross feeding studies revealed that A. faecalis accepts heterologous as well as self (hydroxamate) siderophore in both free and iron complexed forms however; the rate of siderophore uptake was more in case of siderophores complexed to iron. Siderophore iron uptake studies indicated the differences between hydroxamate siderophore of A. faecalis and Alc E, a siderophore of Alcaligenes eutrophus.

KEYWORDS:

Crossfeeding; IEF; Iron uptake; Siderophores

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